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Boca Raton Personal Injury Lawyer > Blog > Slip and Fall > “Who Knew What When?” Is Often The Key Question In Slip-And-Fall Lawsuit

“Who Knew What When?” Is Often The Key Question In Slip-And-Fall Lawsuit


Slip-and-fall and other premises liability cases often turn on “who knew what when.” The plaintiff first needs to prove that there was a dangerous condition on the defendant’s property that caused the plaintiff’s injury. But the plaintiff must also prove that the defendant knew–or should have known–about the danger while the plaintiff was unaware.

Essentially, if you notice a dangerous condition yet decide to assume the risk anyway, you cannot turn around and argue in court that the defendant’s negligence caused your injuries. In that scenario you had “equal or superior” knowledge of the hazard. But if you were genuinely unaware of the hazard–and you could not have been made aware through the exercise of reasonable care–then the owner could be held responsible.

Florida Appeals Court Revives Lawsuit Against Boat Dock Operator

Determining whether a plaintiff had equal or superior knowledge of a hazard is often a highly specific factual question that cannot be resolved unless a case goes to trial. A recent decision from the Florida Second District Court of Appeals, Conrad v. The Boat House of Cape Coral, LLC, provides a useful illustration. In this case, the appellate court reversed a trial judge’s decision to grant summary judgment to the defense in a slip-and-fall case because there was disputed evidence regarding the plaintiff’s knowledge.

The plaintiff in this case kept a boat at the defendant’s docks. The plaintiff himself was an experienced boater. One day, the plaintiff went to board his boat. Due to low tide, the boat deck was approximately four feet below the dock’s seawall. As the plaintiff went to step down onto his boat, his foot suddenly “went out from underneath,” causing him to fall and sustain injuries.

After the fall, the plaintiff saw there was a divot in a broken part of the seawall. This was what caused the plaintiff to lose his footing and fall. The plaintiff later admitted under oath that had he looked at the seawall beforehand, he would have likely noticed the divot. But he said he had used the same dock on six prior occasions without incident. Critically, on those prior occasions the boat was docked at different locations on the deck. The defendant’s employees had elected to dock the plaintiff’s boat at this particular location on the day in question.

The trial court concluded that the divot was “clearly visible and was, or should have been obvious to the Plaintiff.” In effect, the judge agreed with the defendant that the plaintiff was legally responsible for the accident. But the Fourth District said that was a premature conclusion. The appellate court noted the legal issue was not whether the divot itself was “open and obvious” to the plaintiff. Rather, it was whether the divot was “an obviously dangerous condition.” Since the evidence on that point remained in dispute, summary judgment was inappropriate and the Fourth District returned the case for trial.

Speak with a Florida Premises Liability Lawyer Today

Slip-and-fall injuries are among the most common causes of serious injuries in Florida. So if you are injured due to a property owner’s negligence in maintaining their property, you have the right to seek compensation. If you need advice from a skilled Boca Raton slip-and fall accident attorney, contact Leifer & Ramirez today to schedule a consultation.


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